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Labor Day is a United States federal holiday observed on the first Monday in September, that celebrates the economic and social contributions of workers.


In 1882, Matthew Maguire, a machinist, first proposed the holiday while serving as secretary of the  Central Labor Union of New York.[Others argue that it was first proposed by Peter J. McGuire of the American Federation of Labor  in May 1882,after witnessing the annual labour festival  held in Toronto, Canada.

Oregon was the first state to make it a holiday on February 21, 1887. By the time it became a federal holiday in 1894, thirty states officially celebrated Labor Day.Following the deaths of a number of workers at the hands of the U.S. military and U.S. Marshals  during the Pullman Strike, the United States Congress  unanimously voted to approve rush legislation that made Labor Day a national holiday; President Grover Cleveland  signed it into law a mere six days after the end of the strike.

How we celebrate

The form for the celebration of Labor Day was outlined in the first proposal of the holiday: A street parade to exhibit to the public “the strength and spirit de corps of the trade and labor organizations”, followed by a festival for the workers and their families. This became the pattern for Labor Day celebrations. Speeches by prominent men and women were introduced later, as more emphasis was placed upon the civil significance of the holiday. Still later, by a resolution of the American Federation of Labor convention of 1909, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the Selector movement.

The holiday is often the return to school, although school starting times now may vary.

Retail Sale Day

To take advantage of large numbers of potential customers free to shop, Labor Day has become an important sale weekend for many retailers in the United States. Some retailers claim it is one of the largest sale dates of the year, second only to the Christmas season’s Black Friday.

Ironically, because of the importance of the sale weekend, some of those who are employed in the retail sector not only work on Labor Day, but work longer hours. More Americans work in the retail industry than any other, with retail employment making up 24% of all jobs in the United States.

End of summer

Labor Day has come to be celebrated by most Americans as the symbolic end of the summer. In high society, Labor Day is (or was) considered the last day of the year when it is fashionable to wear white.

In the U.S., most school districts that started summer vacation 1-2 weeks into June will resume school the day after this day, while schools that had summer vacation begin on the Saturday before Memorial Day in late May will have already been in session since late August. However this tradition is changing as many school districts end 1-2 weeks into June and begin mid-August.

Memorial Day History

Three years after the Civil War ended, on May 5, 1868, the head of an organization of Union veterans — the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) — established Decoration Day as a time for the nation to decorate the graves of the war dead with flowers. Maj. Gen. John A. Logan declared that Decoration Day should be observed on May 30. It is believed that date was chosen because flowers would be in bloom all over the country.

The first large observance was held that year at Arlington National Cemetery, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.

The ceremonies centered around the mourning-draped veranda of the Arlington mansion, once the home of Gen. Robert E. Lee. Various Washington officials, including Gen. and Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant, presided over the ceremonies. After speeches, children from the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Orphan Home and members of the GAR made their way through the cemetery, strewing flowers on both Union and Confederate graves, reciting prayers and singing hymns.

Local Observances Claim To Be First Local springtime tributes to the Civil War dead already had been held in various places. One of the first occurred in Columbus, Miss., April 25, 1866, when a group of women visited a cemetery to decorate the graves of Confederate soldiers who had fallen in battle at Shiloh. Nearby were the graves of Union soldiers, neglected because they were the enemy. Disturbed at the sight of the bare graves, the women placed some of their flowers on those graves, as well.

Today, cities in the North and the South claim to be the birthplace of Memorial Day in 1866. Both Macon and Columbus, Ga., claim the title, as well as Richmond, Va. The village of Boalsburg, Pa., claims it began there two years earlier. A stone in a Carbondale, Ill., cemetery carries the statement that the first Decoration Day ceremony took place there on April 29, 1866. Carbondale was the wartime home of Gen. Logan. Approximately 25 places have been named in connection with the origin of Memorial Day, many of them in the South where most of the war dead were buried.

Official Birthplace Declared In 1966, Congress and President Lyndon Johnson declared Waterloo, N.Y., the “birthplace” of Memorial Day. There, a ceremony on May 5, 1866, honored local veterans who had fought in the Civil War. Businesses closed and residents flew flags at half-staff. Supporters of Waterloo’s claim say earlier observances in other places were either informal, not community-wide or one-time events.

By the end of the 19th century, Memorial Day ceremonies were being held on May 30 throughout the nation. State legislatures passed proclamations designating the day, and the Army and Navy adopted regulations for proper observance at their facilities.

It was not until after World War I, however, that the day was expanded to honor those who have died in all American wars. In 1971, Memorial Day was declared a national holiday by an act of Congress, though it is still often called Decoration Day. It was then also placed on the last Monday in May, as were some other federal holidays.

Some States Have Confederate Observances Many Southern states also have their own days for honoring the Confederate dead. Mississippi celebrates Confederate Memorial Day on the last Monday of April, Alabama on the fourth Monday of April, and Georgia on April 26. North and South Carolina observe it on May 10, Louisiana on June 3 and Tennessee calls that date Confederate Decoration Day. Texas celebrates Confederate Heroes Day January 19 and Virginia calls the last Monday in May Confederate Memorial Day.

Gen. Logan’s order for his posts to decorate graves in 1868 “with the choicest flowers of springtime” urged: “We should guard their graves with sacred vigilance. … Let pleasant paths invite the coming and going of reverent visitors and fond mourners. Let no neglect, no ravages of time, testify to the present or to the coming generations that we have forgotten as a people the cost of a free and undivided republic.”

The crowd attending the first Memorial Day ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery was approximately the same size as those that attend today’s observance, about 5,000 people. Then, as now, small American flags were placed on each grave — a tradition followed at many national cemeteries today. In recent years, the custom has grown in many families to decorate the graves of all departed loved ones.

The origins of special services to honor those who die in war can be found in antiquity. The Athenian leader Pericles offered a tribute to the fallen heroes of the Peloponnesian War over 24 centuries ago that could be applied today to the 1.1 million Americans who have died in the nation’s wars: “Not only are they commemorated by columns and inscriptions, but there dwells also an unwritten memorial of them, graven not on stone but in the hearts of men.”

To ensure the sacrifices of America ’s fallen heroes are never forgotten, in December 2000, the U.S. Congress passed and the president signed into law “The National Moment of Remembrance Act,” P.L. 106-579, creating the White House Commission on the National Moment of Remembrance. The commission’s charter is to “encourage the people of the United States to give something back to their country, which provides them so much freedom and opportunity” by encouraging and coordinating commemorations in the United States of Memorial Day and the National Moment of Remembrance.

The National Moment of Remembrance encourages all Americans to pause wherever they are at 3 p.m. local time on Memorial Day for a minute of silence to remember and honor those who have died in service to the nation. As Moment of Remembrance founder Carmella LaSpada states: “It’s a way we can all help put the memorial back in Memorial Day.”


Wisdom Teeth Removal – Is It Necessary?

Wisdom teeth are your final set of molars, usually not appearing until your late teens or early 20s. When they grow in properly, they can improve the efficiency of your chewing and are an asset to your mouth. More often than not, however, these teeth are misaligned and must be removed, which could be an expensive procedure if you do not have dental insurance.  Sometimes the wisdom teeth can even be stuck deep in the jaw bone, or even simply remain below the gum, and will never grow in. Wisdom teeth that will not grow in are “impacted.”

Your dentist will visually examine the area as well as take X-rays to assess the situation under the gum line. This helps determine if and how the wisdom molars need to be extracted. Dentists recommend extracting them by age 18 if they look like they could be problematic. Patients aged 35 and up have a greater risk of complications from the procedure, because the impacted teeth fuse to the jaw bone as people age. An extraction may be necessary if it looks like the wisdom teeth might interrupt normal sinus functionality or cause the other teeth to shift. Third molars that never emerge from the gum can be painful as well.

Does Wisdom Teeth Extraction Require Surgery?

If one or more of your wisdom teeth must be taken out, the procedure can vary from a simple extraction to full surgery under anesthesia. The type of procedure typically depends on the position of each wisdom tooth.

  • If the tooth is fully visible and completely erupted through your gum, a general dentist can quickly and easily remove it without surgery.
  • If the tooth is impacted under your gum or embedded in your jaw bone, it will require more complicated intervention. An oral surgeon or dentist will make an incision in the gum, and any bone covering your tooth will be removed. The impacted tooth is then taken out, often in small sections to minimize the amount of overlying bone that must be sacrificed. This complex procedure often requires an oral surgeon.

Will dental insurance cover the procedure?

Most dental insurance will help lower the cost of your wisdom teeth extraction if you have met your deductible.

Follow your dentist’s instructions! Recovery from a wisdom tooth extraction usually takes no more than a few days to a week, but if you ignore the dentist’s directions for how to take care of the area, you could face additional problems. Dry socket, for example, is a painful situation where the blood clot comes out instead of closing the wound where the tooth originally was. This occasionally happens completely on accident, but more often than not, it occurs when the patient fails to clean the area or doesn’t eat soft food. If you want to avoid expensive complications, listen to your dentist or oral surgeon.

Bad breath, also known as halitosis, is embarrassing, and can affect your  self-esteem and make you insecure.  90 million people in the  United States are burdened with bad breath. Popping a breath mint or rinsing  with mouthwash may appear to freshen up your breath, but these remedies only  temporarily mask the problem, instead of eliminating it; eventually your bad  breath returns.

To get long-lasting fresh breath, incorporate natural remedies,  such as drinking water and chewing minty, sugar-free gum. Chewing gum stimulates the flow of saliva in your  mouth. Saliva rinses your mouth and helps wash away germs and food particles. Try sipping water throughout the day. Water keeps your mouth moist and helps keep  bacteria at a minimum. It also promotes saliva flow, which naturally rinses your  mouth.

Visit your dentist at least twice a year; tooth decay and other dental  problems can contribute to bad breath. Brush your teeth and tongue twice a day, once before bedtime and once in the  morning, with a fluoride toothpaste. Good oral hygiene promotes fresh  breath.

Consult your doctor if bad breath persists because bad breath can indicate a  medical condition, such as diabetes and kidney or liver disease.

Hello to our patients!

You’ve been doing such a great job of referring your friends that we thought it was time to set up a referral program to reward you!

We are partnering with some local businesses in the South Boulder Shopping Center.  For each person you refer to us, we will let you choose a $20 gift card from any of the following businesses.

South Side Walnut Cafe

Southern Sun Pub

Boulder Cycle Sport

Neptune Mountaineering

Start sending in your friends and family!  We’ll see you soon!

Tooth sensitivity after having fillings put in or replaced is a common thing.

Some sensitivity is normal after any tooth has been worked on, especially if there has been tooth decay. Decay irritates the tooth, and working on that tooth irritates it further, to where it can develop into a painful sensitivity.

If this is the only cause, expect the tooth to gradually get better, usually within a couple of days, but it can last for several months. As long as the tooth gradually improves, there should be no cause for concern.

The decay could have been close to the pulp of the tooth. In this situation, some bacteria will always be present in the thin porous dentin between the filling and the tooth. With the tooth being irritated from being worked on, it creates a situation in which the tooth can easily become infected. If the sensitivity persists, it indicates that the tooth is not recovering from this tooth infection and will need a root canal. This is fairly uncommon however, but still important to be aware of.

If the tooth is sensitive to biting down, it may need only a simple bite adjustment.

With composite fillings, there is an unusual kind of sensitivity that sometimes occurs. With this sensitivity, the tooth is not sensitive when you clench your teeth together but will experience a sharp pain when food is chewed.

When it occurs, either adjusting the bite where the filling was placed or replacing the filling with another composite filling usually eliminates the sensitivity. If left untreated, the sensitivity may go away over a period of several months, or it may get worse.

There are other possible causes for sensitivity or pain after new fillings. A dental examination may be required to discover another source of the problem.

Bottom line is if you have any kind of sensitivity after a filling is placed well after giving it time to adjust, see your dentist!

Stains on teeth are generally of two varieties, “extrinsic” and “intrinsic”. They are generally considered to be of cosmetic significance only; however, a single “dark” tooth may indicate the tooth is dead (necrotic), particularly if it has a history of trauma and/or infection. It should be evaluated by a dentist, who may perform vital testing to determine if it requires endodontic treatment (“root canal therapy”).

Extrinsic stains are generally superficial, and result from consumption of foods and beverages containing pigments (such as coffee, tea, caramel coloring); and from smoking (tar stain). Most often, extrinsic staining can be polished and/or bleached away. Demineralization from ingestion of acidic foods, and poor oral hygiene can roughen tooth enamel and make it stain easier. It can also make the stains harder to remove.

Common treatment options:

Removing extrinsic stain can be done through prophylaxis and/or bleaching of the teeth (“tooth whitening”). Frequently, dentists will photograph a patient’s teeth before and after tooth whitening is performed to record the progress of whitening.